- Normal precautions
- High degree of caution
- Avoid non-essential travel
- Do not travel
- Safety and Security
- Local Laws and Customs
- Additional Information
- Embassy Contact
Terrorist attacks are a threat in Kenya, predominantly from extremists linked to al-Shabaab; a militant group that has carried out attacks in Kenya in retaliation for Kenya's military involvement in Somalia. These have mostly occurred in areas close to the Somali border but also in Nairobi. On 15-16 January 2019, al-Shabaab claimed responsibility for a terrorist attack which was carried out at a hotel complex in Westlands in Nairobi, resulting in injuries and loss of life. The Embassy of Ireland in Kenya advises visitors to register with the Embassy and to exercise a high degree of caution while in Kenya, particularly when in tourist locations, transportation hubs, and markets/shopping malls.
We advise you to exercise a high degree of caution in Kenya.
We suggest you learn as much as you can about Kenya before your trip from travel agents, tour operators and guide books. The best help is often close at hand so if you have problems, start by talking to your local contacts, tour operator representative or hotel management.
You can contact the emergency services in Kenya by dialling 999.
Our tips for safe travels
- Purchase comprehensive travel insurance which covers all your intended activities
- Add an alert for your destination within the Travelwise App.
- Register your details with us so that we can contact you quickly in an emergency, such as a natural disaster or a family emergency
- Follow us on twitter @dfatravelwise for the latest travel updates
- Read our Topical ‘Know Before You Go’ guide
Safety and Security
Safety and Security
Safety and security
Outbreaks of violence between tribal groups can also occur from time-to-time particularly in Western and North Western Kenya. Irish citizens are advised to exercise caution and to monitor the Embassy travel advice.
There is a high risk of terrorist incidents within Kenya. A Somali terrorist group, Al-Shabaab, has carried out a large number of terrorist attacks in Kenya in recent years which have targeted military, police and civilians and resulted in major loss of life. Most terrorist activity has centred on the North Eastern part of Kenya and the coastal area, but major attacks have taken place in Nairobi in the past and there is a risk of terrorist attacks throughout Kenya. Irish citizens are advised to remain vigilant in public places and on public transport, and to follow the advice of the local authorities.
Street crime is common in major urban centres in Kenya and perpetrators are often armed. Irish citizens should keep valuables out of sight in vehicles and while on foot, and avoid carrying large amounts of cash. Most hotels have in-room safes which can be used to store valuables. You should be aware of your surroundings at all times while on foot or in a vehicle, but especially after dark. If you are a victim of a crime then we advise that you cooperate with all demands to avoid the risk of injury and report the matter to the nearest police station.
Following recent heavy rains many roads have been washed away and destroyed. Worst affected areas are along the Rift Valley, the Coastal area and Nairobi city and county.
Road conditions and driving practices in Kenya can be hazardous, even in major urban centres. We strongly advise against undertaking long overland journeys, especially at night. If using a hire car or vehicle, you should ensure the roadworthiness of the vehicle and the reliability of the driver, before departure.
An international driving licence is required for overseas visitors.
Most public transport in Kenya is operated by private licenced operators. Vehicles can be in poor condition and accidents are common, which can result in serious injuries fatalities.
Pick-pocketing and theft on public transport is common. Pay close attention to belongings at bus stations and on vehicles.
Avoid non-essential travel within 75km of the Kenya-Somalia border due to the very high risk of terrorist activity in the region.
There is a risk of inter-tribal tensions at the northern borders of Kenya.
Local Laws and Customs
Local Laws and Customs
Local laws and customs
Remember, the local laws apply to you as a visitor and it is your responsibility to follow them. Be sensitive to local customs, traditions and practices as your behaviour may be seen as improper, hostile or may even be illegal.
Individuals are required by law to carry ID on them at all times and police may request evidence of this. Kenyan identification documents or passports should be carried at all times. A copy of the data page of your passport should be left in a safe place, separate from your passport.
Possession of ivory in any form is a crime in Kenya and can result in a large fine or imprisonment. This is an offence of strict liability, which means that there is no defence which can be offered.
Caution is advised in the purchase of land or engaging in business ventures in Kenya as fraud is very common. Title deeds/certificates of ownership should be closely examined and verified with the authorities before any transaction takes place. Commercial disputes can take many years to resolve before the courts.
Vaccination or prophylaxis for certain diseases is advised for Kenya, including malaria. Please consult your doctor well in advance of travel for advice on health care. A yellow health passport is required when travelling from some neighbouring countries and will be inspected on arrival in Kenya.
Pharmacies and medical centres are accessible in most parts of Kenya but the quality of medical care can vary. Ensure that you have an adequate supply of any prescription medications with you if travelling outside of the main urban centres.
Water quality can be poor in Kenya and outbreaks of waterborne diseases can occur. Ensure that drinking water is safe before consumption.
The currency in Kenya is Kenya Shilling and it is used for most transactions. Prices for hotels and safaris are usually quoted in US dollars but can also be paid in Kenya Shillings. US dollars are generally not accepted elsewhere.
ATM machines and currency exchange offices are widely available.
Irish passport holders require a visa to travel to Kenya. Please check with the closest Kenyan Embassy to you for details.
Tourist visas can be purchased on arrival at Jomo Kenyatta International Airport in Nairobi at a cost of USD$50. However, to avoid lengthy queues, it is advisable to secure visas in advance of travel.
Kenyan citizens must register their second nationality with the government. Please check with the closest Kenyan Embassy to you for details.
If you require urgent assistance while the Embassy is closed, contact the Embassy Duty Officer on +254 (0) 716 353 999
Embassy of Ireland
Delta Office Suites
Off Waiyaki Way
PO Box 30659-00100
Tel: +254 0205 135 300
Monday to Friday 8am to 4pm
Get travel and medical insurance
Before travelling, the Department strongly recommends that you obtain comprehensive travel insurance which will cover all overseas medical costs, including medical repatriation/evacuation, repatriation of remains and legal costs. You should check any exclusions and, in particular, that your policy covers you for the activities you want to undertake.